Source1 : Insee - Département de l'emploi et des revenus d'activité
Unemployment within the meaning of the ILO : a person is classified in the category of the unemployed if without work, available for work within the next two weeks and actively seeking a job in the previous month (or if the person has found a job starting in less than three months).
ANPE : National Employment Agency. Labour-market statistics, namely job vacancies and applications, are the by-products of the computer monitoring of the activities of the Agency. These statistics are published by the DARES (Directory for Research, Studies and Statistics of the Ministry for Labour). The statistics from the ANPE obviously depend upon social legislation and on the management rules of the Agency. Several changes have been made over the years and must be taken into account when using long series. The number of job-seekers registered with the ANPE does not correspond to the definition of the ILO. A person can be registered with the ANPE as a job-seeker while maintaining a part-time or temporary job or not looking for employment (“discouraged” unemployed). Inversely, a person can be unemployed and seeking employment without being registered with the ANPE.
The method for estimating unemployment within the meaning of the ILO was modified in the autumn of 2007. Unemployment in metropolitan France is now calculated as a quarterly mean solely on the basis of the Labour Force survey. The correction for seasonal variations (CVS) is revised for each quarter to take account of the latest data. The level of unemployment in metropolitan France within the meaning of the ILO is calculated as the ratio between the number of unemployed within the meaning of the ILO and the number of the active population (people in employment and unemployed), also taken from the Labour Force survey.
France has come closer to the European definition. In particular, merely renewing registration with the ANPE is no longer considered an active undertaking to find employment. It must at the very least be accompanied by a contact with a counsellor of the public employment service in the course of the month preceding the survey, or some other undertaking (sending a CV, search in the list of vacancies, etc.).
Certain methodological changes have also been made to the Labour Force survey, the main innovation being the undertaking of an enquiry into any “non-response”. This is sent to people whose response was not collected at the time of the Labour Force survey (for example, because it was impossible to contact them at the time of collecting the data of the survey). As this data is not available before the date of publication, the results for the latest quarter do not take them into account and are therefore provisional. The INSEE has also perfected its weighting methods on the basis of demographic data, in particular at the level of each of the regions.
In the four overseas departments (Guadeloupe, Guiana, Martinique, Reunion), the Labour Force survey is carried out throughout the second quarter of the year. Econometric methods are then used to estimate the number of unemployed and of employed people in the course of the three quarters when no Labour Force survey is made. The estimations drawn from these models are systematically adjusted to take account of the results of the Labour Force survey for overseas departments as soon as they become available. This method of calculating the level of unemployment in the overseas departments does not enable us to display the precise volume of the number of unemployed in those areas for each quarter.
All the series have been revised according to the new methodology.