Release dates

Services

Please check back to this monthly calendar for all future release deadlines.

The corresponding data in the BDM are disseminated at the exact time specified on the calendar.

For update management, the database series were gathered in subsets called waves

The series of a wave come from the same statistical production.

The following table lists the waves which were the subject of an update since 2016-10-18.

Consult update history to find the dates of releases made more than three months ago.

Wave Heading Update Periodicity Period of end Series
1090 Demography - France - Annual series 2017-01-17 A 2016 01 3
1090 Demography - France - Annual series 2017-01-17 A 2016 01 22
8010 Central Government Operations 2017-01-17 M 2016 11 4
1090 Demography - France - Annual series 2017-01-17 A 2016 01 16
1090 Demography - France - Annual series 2017-01-17 A 2016 01 14
1090 Demography - France - Annual series 2017-01-17 A 2016 01 20
1050 Demography - French population at the beginning of the month 2017-01-17 M 2017 01 2
1130 Demography - France - Monthly series 2017-01-17 M 2016 11 6
1150 Demography - French population at the beginning of the year 2017-01-17 A 2017 01 38
3626 Consumer price index - Base 100 in December 2006 - Monthly series - Mayotte 2017-01-17 M 2016 12 6
3634 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Annual series - La Réunion 2017-01-17 A 2016 01 24
3624 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series - La Réunion 2017-01-17 M 2016 12 24
6050 Enterprises creations - NAF rev. 2 - Quarterly series 2017-01-13 T 2016 04 980
6040 Enterprises creations - NAF rev. 2 - Monthly series 2017-01-13 M 2016 12 476
7130 Consumer price - Base 1998 - Coefficient for the currency conversions - Annual series 2017-01-12 A 2016 01 1
7930 Construction producer prices and costs indices 2017-01-12 M 2016 10 89
7181 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Households that belong to the lowest equivalised disposable income quintile, excluding tobacco - Annual series 2017-01-12 A 2016 01 1
4681 Price indices in large and predominantly-food stores - Base 2015 - Frequently purchased goods - Monthly series 2017-01-12 M 2016 12 9
3611 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Changes - Annual series 2017-01-12 A 2016 01 52
3581 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Annual series 2017-01-12 A 2016 01 1294
3560 Annual average prices in retail trade 2017-01-12 A 2016 01 87
3481 Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices - Coicop classification - Base 2015 - Annual series 2017-01-12 A 2016 01 415
7171 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Households that belong to the lowest equivalised disposable income quintile, excluding tobacco - Monthly series 2017-01-12 M 2016 12 1
4730 Rent reference index 2017-01-12 T 2016 04 2
3670 Monthly harmonised consumer price indices - European classification 2017-01-12 M 2016 12 1
3660 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series 2017-01-12 M 2016 12 16
3601 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Changes - Monthly series 2017-01-12 M 2016 12 108
3571 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly detailed series 2017-01-12 M 2016 12 925
3550 Monthly average prices in retail trade 2017-01-12 M 2016 12 90
3501 Seasonally adjusted and underlying consumer price indices - Base 2015 - Monthly series 2017-01-12 M 2016 12 5
3471 Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices - Coicop classification - Base 2015 - Monthly series 2017-01-12 M 2016 12 414
7410 Business failures - Quarterly series 2017-01-11 T 2016 03 168
7400 Business failures - Monthly series 2017-01-11 M 2016 11 293
7511 Quarterly salaried employment by French departments and regions 2017-01-11 T 2016 03 1116
5620 Localised department-level unemployment rates 2017-01-11 T 2016 03 96
5610 Localised regional unemployment rates 2017-01-11 T 2016 03 30
7240 Industrial production indices - Base 2010 - Annual series 2017-01-10 A 2015 01 23
7230 Industrial production indices - Base 2010 - Monthly series 2017-01-10 M 2016 11 714
7940 Hotel occupancy by region - Monthly series 2017-01-09 M 2016 11 191
7050 Foreign trade indices - Price indices and volume indices - Monthly series - Base 100 in 2005 2017-01-09 M 2016 11 1232
7660 Annual estimate of housing stock 2017-01-09 A 2016 01 13
6080 Revised hourly labour cost ICHTrev-TS - Base 100 in December 2008 - NAF rev. 2 - Monthly series 2017-01-09 M 2016 10 28
7910 Monthly Balance of payments 2017-01-06 M 2016 11 197
6680 Semi-annual economic outlook survey on the cash-flow situation in industry - NAF rev. 2 - Stopped Series 2017-01-06 S 2016 02 130
3410 Foreign trade - France and its overseas departments - Monthly data - NAF rev. 2 - In euros 2017-01-06 M 2016 11 1620
8000 Quarterly debt of public authorities within the meaning of Maastricht - IMF 2017-01-06 T 2016 03 6
4380 Monthly economic outlook survey on households 2017-01-04 M 2016 12 31
1050 Demography - French population at the beginning of the month 2017-01-03 M 2016 12 2
1130 Demography - France - Monthly series 2017-01-03 M 2016 11 8
7070 New vehicle registrations 2017-01-03 M 2016 12 2
6810 Price index of second-hand dwellings - Base 100 on 1st quarter of 2010 2017-01-03 T 2016 03 44
3670 Monthly harmonised consumer price indices - European classification 2017-01-03 M 2016 12 1
3660 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series 2017-01-03 M 2016 12 16
3980 Banque de France currency rates - On end of month 2017-01-02 M 2016 12 30
3970 Banque de France currency rates - Monthly average 2017-01-02 M 2016 12 30
6370 Labour market - Claimant count and job advertisements collected by Pôle emploi 2016-12-26 M 2016 11 489
4826 French federation sports licences by department and region 2016-12-26 A 2015 01 819
8020 Residential and non-residential construction - Monthly series by French department and region 2016-12-23 M 2016 11 1683
7770 Monthly household consumption expenditure on goods - Base 2010 2016-12-23 M 2016 11 15
7766 Quarterly national accounts - Base 2010 - Additional series 2016-12-23 A 2016 01 1
7760 Quarterly national accounts - Base 2010 2016-12-23 T 2016 03 1393
5850 Quarterly debt of the general government according to the Maastricht definition 2016-12-23 T 2016 03 13
3623 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series - French Guiana 2016-12-22 M 2016 11 24
3622 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series - Martinique 2016-12-22 M 2016 11 24
3621 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series - Guadeloupe 2016-12-22 M 2016 11 24
8110 Monthly turnover indices in trade and services - Seasonally adjusted data - Base 2010 2016-12-22 M 2016 10 867
8100 Monthly turnover indices in trade and services - Raw data - Base 2010 2016-12-22 M 2016 10 867
8070 Turnover indices in industry and building - Base 2010 - Monthly SA Series 2016-12-22 M 2016 10 218
8060 Turnover indices in industry and building - Base 2010 - Raw monthly series 2016-12-22 M 2016 10 777
7370 Monthly large food stores turnover indices (EMAGSA) - Base 2010 2016-12-22 M 2016 11 24
3010 International price indices and international prices of imported raw materials 2016-12-21 M 2016 11 9
7280 Raw materials indices - Base 2010 2016-12-21 M 2016 11 8
7270 Monthly producer price indices in industry - Base 2010 2016-12-21 M 2016 11 2390
7300 Annual agricultural producer price indices (IPPAP) - Base 2010 2016-12-20 A 2015 01 8
7290 Monthly agricultural producer price indices (IPPAP) - Base 2010 2016-12-20 M 2016 11 190
7930 Construction producer prices and costs indices 2016-12-20 M 2016 09 89
7530 Producer price indices for construction of new residential buildings 2016-12-20 T 2016 03 1
7320 Annual agricultural means of production purchasing price indices (IPAMPA) - Base 2010 2016-12-20 A 2015 01 1
7310 Monthly agricultural means of production purchasing price indices (IPAMPA) - Base 2010 2016-12-20 M 2016 11 150
7030 Wholesale food price indices (WFPI) - Monthly series - Reference 100 in 2005 2016-12-20 M 2016 11 90
3020 International prices of imported raw materials - Petroleum products 2016-12-20 M 2016 11 10
3010 International price indices and international prices of imported raw materials 2016-12-20 M 2016 11 75
310 Construction - CCI, CRI and TARI 2016-12-20 T 2016 03 6
3626 Consumer price index - Base 100 in December 2006 - Monthly series - Mayotte 2016-12-19 M 2016 11 6
3624 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series - La Réunion 2016-12-19 M 2016 11 24
6070 Indices of labour costs in industry, construction and services (LCI) - Base 100 in 2012 - NAF rev. 2 2016-12-16 T 2016 03 32
8030 Surprise indicators for the monthly economic outlook surveys in Industry and Services 2016-12-16 M 2016 12 8
7970 Central Government Debt 2016-12-16 M 2016 11 17
6740 Economic outlook survey in the building industry - Monthly series - NAF rev. 2 2016-12-16 M 2016 12 108
6690 Monthly economic outlook survey in industry - NAF rev. 2 2016-12-16 M 2016 12 288
6470 Economic outlook survey in services - Monthly series - NAF rev. 2 2016-12-16 M 2016 12 382
6430 Monthly economic outlook survey in retail trade and in automobile trade and repair - NAF rev. 2 - Monthly series 2016-12-16 M 2016 12 415
6170 Wage indices - Base 100 on the end of Q4 of 2008 - NAF rev. 2 - Quarterly series 2016-12-16 T 2016 03 129
6140 Business climate and turning-point indicators 2016-12-16 M 2016 12 2
6360 Wage indices in the state civil service - Wage scale 2016-12-15 T 2016 03 8
4681 Price indices in large and predominantly-food stores - Base 2015 - Frequently purchased goods - Monthly series 2016-12-14 M 2016 11 9
7171 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Households that belong to the lowest equivalised disposable income quintile, excluding tobacco - Monthly series 2016-12-14 M 2016 11 1
3670 Monthly harmonised consumer price indices - European classification 2016-12-14 M 2016 11 1
3660 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series 2016-12-14 M 2016 11 16
3601 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Changes - Monthly series 2016-12-14 M 2016 11 108
3571 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly detailed series 2016-12-14 M 2016 11 925
3550 Monthly average prices in retail trade 2016-12-14 M 2016 11 90
3501 Seasonally adjusted and underlying consumer price indices - Base 2015 - Monthly series 2016-12-14 M 2016 11 5
3471 Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices - Coicop classification - Base 2015 - Monthly series 2016-12-14 M 2016 11 414
7410 Business failures - Quarterly series 2016-12-13 T 2016 03 170
7400 Business failures - Monthly series 2016-12-13 M 2016 10 293
6040 Enterprises creations - NAF rev. 2 - Monthly series 2016-12-13 M 2016 11 476
7940 Hotel occupancy by region - Monthly series 2016-12-12 M 2016 10 191
7050 Foreign trade indices - Price indices and volume indices - Monthly series - Base 100 in 2005 2016-12-09 M 2016 10 1232
8010 Central Government Operations 2016-12-09 M 2016 10 4
7240 Industrial production indices - Base 2010 - Annual series 2016-12-09 A 2015 01 285
7230 Industrial production indices - Base 2010 - Monthly series 2016-12-09 M 2016 10 714
6380 Quarterly salaried headcount - NAF rev. 2 2016-12-08 T 2016 03 69
7910 Monthly Balance of payments 2016-12-07 M 2016 10 197
3410 Foreign trade - France and its overseas departments - Monthly data - NAF rev. 2 - In euros 2016-12-07 M 2016 10 1620
7070 New vehicle registrations 2016-12-02 M 2016 11 2
4839 Social housing, by department and region 2016-12-02 A 2015 01 464
3970 Banque de France currency rates - Monthly average 2016-11-30 M 2016 11 30
3980 Banque de France currency rates - On end of month 2016-11-30 M 2016 11 30
3623 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series - French Guiana 2016-11-30 M 2016 10 24
3622 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series - Martinique 2016-11-30 M 2016 10 24
3621 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series - Guadeloupe 2016-11-30 M 2016 10 24
8110 Monthly turnover indices in trade and services - Seasonally adjusted data - Base 2010 2016-11-30 M 2016 09 867
8100 Monthly turnover indices in trade and services - Raw data - Base 2010 2016-11-30 M 2016 09 867
8070 Turnover indices in industry and building - Base 2010 - Monthly SA Series 2016-11-30 M 2016 09 218
8060 Turnover indices in industry and building - Base 2010 - Raw monthly series 2016-11-30 M 2016 09 777
7390 Services producer price indices - Base 2010 2016-11-30 T 2016 03 596
7370 Monthly large food stores turnover indices (EMAGSA) - Base 2010 2016-11-30 M 2016 10 24
7320 Annual agricultural means of production purchasing price indices (IPAMPA) - Base 2010 2016-11-30 A 2015 01 22
7310 Monthly agricultural means of production purchasing price indices (IPAMPA) - Base 2010 2016-11-30 M 2016 10 150
7300 Annual agricultural producer price indices (IPPAP) - Base 2010 2016-11-30 A 2015 01 4
7290 Monthly agricultural producer price indices (IPPAP) - Base 2010 2016-11-30 M 2016 10 190
7030 Wholesale food price indices (WFPI) - Monthly series - Reference 100 in 2005 2016-11-30 M 2016 10 90
7280 Raw materials indices - Base 2010 2016-11-30 M 2016 10 8
7270 Monthly producer price indices in industry - Base 2010 2016-11-30 M 2016 10 2390
3670 Monthly harmonised consumer price indices - European classification 2016-11-30 M 2016 11 1
3660 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series 2016-11-30 M 2016 11 16
1050 Demography - French population at the beginning of the month 2016-11-29 M 2016 11 2
1130 Demography - France - Monthly series 2016-11-29 M 2016 10 8
8020 Residential and non-residential construction - Monthly series by French department and region 2016-11-29 M 2016 10 1683
7770 Monthly household consumption expenditure on goods - Base 2010 2016-11-29 M 2016 10 15
7760 Quarterly national accounts - Base 2010 2016-11-29 T 2016 03 1415
7510 Employment on December 31 by French departments and regions 2016-11-25 A 2015 01 2300
7520 Price indices for maintenance and improvement of existing dwellings 2016-11-25 T 2016 03 10
4380 Monthly economic outlook survey on households 2016-11-25 M 2016 11 31
6370 Labour market - Claimant count and job advertisements collected by Pôle emploi 2016-11-24 M 2016 10 489
8030 Surprise indicators for the monthly economic outlook surveys in Industry and Services 2016-11-24 M 2016 11 8
6810 Price index of second-hand dwellings - Base 100 on 1st quarter of 2010 2016-11-24 T 2016 03 110
6740 Economic outlook survey in the building industry - Monthly series - NAF rev. 2 2016-11-24 M 2016 11 108
6690 Monthly economic outlook survey in industry - NAF rev. 2 2016-11-24 M 2016 11 288
6470 Economic outlook survey in services - Monthly series - NAF rev. 2 2016-11-24 M 2016 11 382
6440 Monthly economic outlook survey in retail trade and in automobile trade and repair - NAF rev. 2 - Two-monthly Series 2016-11-24 B 2016 06 116
6430 Monthly economic outlook survey in retail trade and in automobile trade and repair - NAF rev. 2 - Monthly series 2016-11-24 M 2016 11 415
6420 Economic outlook survey in wholesale trade - Two-monthly Series - NAF rev. 2 2016-11-24 B 2016 06 744
6140 Business climate and turning-point indicators 2016-11-24 M 2016 11 2
7900 Annual national accounts (base 2010) - General government expenditure broken down by function COFOG 2016-11-23 A 2015 01 4400
3010 International price indices and international prices of imported raw materials 2016-11-22 M 2016 10 10
3626 Consumer price index - Base 100 in December 2006 - Monthly series - Mayotte 2016-11-18 M 2016 10 6
3624 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series - La Réunion 2016-11-18 M 2016 10 24
7970 Central Government Debt 2016-11-18 M 2016 10 17
7750 ILO Unemployment and Labour Market-related indicators - Labour Force Survey results 2016-11-17 T 2016 03 206
7950 Outdoor accommodation occupancy by region - Monthly series 2016-11-16 M 2016 12 180
7940 Hotel occupancy by region - Monthly series 2016-11-16 M 2016 09 191
3020 International prices of imported raw materials - Petroleum products 2016-11-16 M 2016 10 10
3010 International price indices and international prices of imported raw materials 2016-11-16 M 2016 10 75
7930 Construction producer prices and costs indices 2016-11-15 M 2016 08 89
4681 Price indices in large and predominantly-food stores - Base 2015 - Frequently purchased goods - Monthly series 2016-11-15 M 2016 10 9
7410 Business failures - Quarterly series 2016-11-15 T 2016 03 281
7400 Business failures - Monthly series 2016-11-15 M 2016 09 293
7171 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Households that belong to the lowest equivalised disposable income quintile, excluding tobacco - Monthly series 2016-11-15 M 2016 10 1
6040 Enterprises creations - NAF rev. 2 - Monthly series 2016-11-15 M 2016 10 476
3670 Monthly harmonised consumer price indices - European classification 2016-11-15 M 2016 10 1
3660 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series 2016-11-15 M 2016 10 16
3601 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Changes - Monthly series 2016-11-15 M 2016 10 108
3571 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly detailed series 2016-11-15 M 2016 10 925
3550 Monthly average prices in retail trade 2016-11-15 M 2016 10 90
3501 Seasonally adjusted and underlying consumer price indices - Base 2015 - Monthly series 2016-11-15 M 2016 10 5
3471 Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices - Coicop classification - Base 2015 - Monthly series 2016-11-15 M 2016 10 414
7050 Foreign trade indices - Price indices and volume indices - Monthly series - Base 100 in 2005 2016-11-10 M 2016 09 1232
7240 Industrial production indices - Base 2010 - Annual series 2016-11-10 A 2015 01 94
7230 Industrial production indices - Base 2010 - Monthly series 2016-11-10 M 2016 09 714
6380 Quarterly salaried headcount - NAF rev. 2 2016-11-10 T 2016 03 62
7910 Monthly Balance of payments 2016-11-08 M 2016 09 197
8010 Central Government Operations 2016-11-08 M 2016 09 4
3410 Foreign trade - France and its overseas departments - Monthly data - NAF rev. 2 - In euros 2016-11-08 M 2016 09 1620
6670 Economic outlook survey on industrial investment - NAF rev. 2 - Revision indicator 2016-11-08 T 2016 04 1
6660 Economic outlook survey on industrial investment - NAF rev. 2 - Annual series 2016-11-08 A 2017 01 120
6650 Economic outlook survey on industrial investment - NAF rev. 2 - Semi-annual series 2016-11-08 S 2017 01 4
7760 Quarterly national accounts - Base 2010 2016-11-04 T 2016 03 341
7070 New vehicle registrations 2016-11-03 M 2016 10 2
3980 Banque de France currency rates - On end of month 2016-11-02 M 2016 10 30
3970 Banque de France currency rates - Monthly average 2016-11-02 M 2016 10 30
8110 Monthly turnover indices in trade and services - Seasonally adjusted data - Base 2010 2016-10-28 M 2016 08 867
8100 Monthly turnover indices in trade and services - Raw data - Base 2010 2016-10-28 M 2016 08 867
8070 Turnover indices in industry and building - Base 2010 - Monthly SA Series 2016-10-28 M 2016 08 218
8060 Turnover indices in industry and building - Base 2010 - Raw monthly series 2016-10-28 M 2016 08 777
7370 Monthly large food stores turnover indices (EMAGSA) - Base 2010 2016-10-28 M 2016 09 24
8020 Residential and non-residential construction - Monthly series by French department and region 2016-10-28 M 2016 09 1683
7770 Monthly household consumption expenditure on goods - Base 2010 2016-10-28 M 2016 09 15
7280 Raw materials indices - Base 2010 2016-10-28 M 2016 09 8
7270 Monthly producer price indices in industry - Base 2010 2016-10-28 M 2016 09 2390
3670 Monthly harmonised consumer price indices - European classification 2016-10-28 M 2016 10 1
3660 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series 2016-10-28 M 2016 10 16
7766 Quarterly national accounts - Base 2010 - Additional series 2016-10-28 A 2016 01 1
7760 Quarterly national accounts - Base 2010 2016-10-28 T 2016 03 1665
3623 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series - French Guiana 2016-10-27 M 2016 09 24
3622 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series - Martinique 2016-10-27 M 2016 09 24
3621 Consumer price index - Base 2015 - Monthly series - Guadeloupe 2016-10-27 M 2016 09 24
7030 Wholesale food price indices (WFPI) - Monthly series - Reference 100 in 2005 2016-10-27 M 2016 09 90
6600 Monthly data on wages 2016-10-27 M 2016 11 46
7320 Annual agricultural means of production purchasing price indices (IPAMPA) - Base 2010 2016-10-27 A 2015 01 16
7310 Monthly agricultural means of production purchasing price indices (IPAMPA) - Base 2010 2016-10-27 M 2016 09 150
7300 Annual agricultural producer price indices (IPPAP) - Base 2010 2016-10-27 A 2015 01 2
7290 Monthly agricultural producer price indices (IPPAP) - Base 2010 2016-10-27 M 2016 09 190
6800 Quarterly economic outlook survey in public works - NAF rev. 2 2016-10-27 T 2016 04 30
6760 Quarterly economic outlook survey in the real-estate development - NAF rev. 2 2016-10-27 T 2016 04 96
6720 Quarterly economic outlook survey on the building crafts sector - NAF rev. 2 2016-10-27 T 2016 04 92
4380 Monthly economic outlook survey on households 2016-10-26 M 2016 10 31
6370 Labour market - Claimant count and job advertisements collected by Pôle emploi 2016-10-25 M 2016 09 489
1050 Demography - French population at the beginning of the month 2016-10-25 M 2016 10 2
1130 Demography - France - Monthly series 2016-10-25 M 2016 09 8
7660 Annual estimate of housing stock 2016-10-25 A 2016 01 17
7270 Monthly producer price indices in industry - Base 2010 2016-10-25 M 2016 05 3
8030 Surprise indicators for the monthly economic outlook surveys in Industry and Services 2016-10-25 M 2016 10 8
6750 Economic outlook survey in the building industry - Quarterly series - NAF rev. 2 2016-10-25 T 2016 04 56
6740 Economic outlook survey in the building industry - Monthly series - NAF rev. 2 2016-10-25 M 2016 10 108
6700 Quarterly economic outlook survey in industry - NAF rev. 2 2016-10-25 T 2016 04 596
6690 Monthly economic outlook survey in industry - NAF rev. 2 2016-10-25 M 2016 10 288
6490 Economic outlook survey in services - Semi-annual series - NAF rev. 2 2016-10-25 S 2016 02 46
6480 Economic outlook survey in services - Quarterly series - NAF rev. 2 2016-10-25 T 2016 04 472
6470 Economic outlook survey in services - Monthly series - NAF rev. 2 2016-10-25 M 2016 10 382
6430 Monthly economic outlook survey in retail trade and in automobile trade and repair - NAF rev. 2 - Monthly series 2016-10-25 M 2016 10 415
6140 Business climate and turning-point indicators 2016-10-25 M 2016 10 2
6420 Economic outlook survey in wholesale trade - Two-monthly Series - NAF rev. 2 2016-10-21 B 2016 05 1
7970 Central Government Debt 2016-10-20 M 2016 09 17
1090 Demography - France - Annual series 2016-10-18 A 2015 01 17
1130 Demography - France - Monthly series 2016-10-18 M 2015 12 2
3020 International prices of imported raw materials - Petroleum products 2016-10-18 M 2016 09 10
3010 International price indices and international prices of imported raw materials 2016-10-18 M 2016 09 75

A: annual

T: quarterly

M: monthly

B: two-monthly

S: semi-annual

left blank: irregular